International relations / Africa news
Nelson Mandela is born 18 July 1918
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the small village of Mvezo, in the district of Qunu near Umtata, Transkei (now known as Eastern Cape).
Mandela became involved in politics while a student at Fort Hare University after he met Oliver Tambo, who became his life-long friend.
In 2009, the United Nations, declared 18 July as Nelson Mandela International Day, to be celebrated annually. It was first celebrated in 2010.
On 12 June 1964 Mandela was sentenced to life in prison on Robben Island. From Robben Island he was transferred to Pollsmoor prison and then Victor Verster prison before he was released in 1990.
Mandela was elected president of South Africa in 1994.
In 1999, at the end of his first term in office, he voluntarily stepped down.
Source: South African History Online – www.sahistory.org.za